ECZEMA: Very common skin problem in children.
Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of Eczema.
It usually begins in Infants (less than a 1-year-old child). It improves as the child grows older and resolves by the time child starts going to school or reaches puberty. Some children may develop chronic diseases.
Sensitive skin is more easily irritated by sweating, heat, rough clothing and some detergents, soaps, etc. Some may have allergies to food, pets, dust mites.
Red, dry, itchy patches on the skin. Itching may be severe and constant; with frequent scratching, the skin may develop blisters, oozing, crusting. Affects mainly the face, scalp arms, legs.
No Cure, but can be controlled with good skincare
- Bathing: gentle soap, limit time.
- Topical (Skin) Medicines: topical steroids needed in severe cases or during a flare-up
- Moisturizers: apply moisturizer 30 minutes after you apply for any topical medicines. This allows it to seal the medicine. Eg vaseline or any petroleum jelly.
- Antihistamines: anti-allergic medicines to decrease itching. It can make a child sleepy.
- Environmental Triggers: Avoid food, pets, dust mites that can trigger these conditions.
- Skin Infections: chances of secondary infections are there so your child might need topical antibiotics as well.
When to call the doctor:
Mild to moderate cases can be managed by your child specialist but in severe cases or if no improvement then need to consult a dermatologist or skin Specialist.
Dr. Rahul Varma